Te Huringa/
Turning Points

Pakeha Colonisation
and Māori Empowerment

Presented with the Sarjeant Gallery | Te Whare O Rehua Whanganui

Curators’ Statement

Two descriptions are included within each artwork page to reflect the Maori and Pakeha curatorial approaches taken for Te Huringa/Turning Points.


Encounters between people of different cultural backgrounds always provide opportunities for ongoing critical engagement. In Aotearoa/New Zealand such early encounters had repercussions that remain with us today. Artists brought, innocently or not, their own cultural baggage to their subject matter. One such example is Francis Dillon Bell’s New Zealand Bush c.1845 which turns out to be far more than a mere botanical record. This, like so many other paintings included in Te Huringa/Turning Points, can be seen to have multiple and sometimes unexpected additional meanings.

A great many of the works have their origin in deep contention. This resulted from disputes over land that were the inevitable consequence of colonialism. In our time these disputes gave rise to protests including Land Rights hikoi and, more recently, have prompted hopeful participation in partnership deals between Maori and Pakeha. This exhibition provides a huringa, a turning point in our ability to view art critically.

It offers an ideal opportunity to give some emphasis to a Maori viewpoint without excluding non-Maori points of view. This is reflected in our two different curatorial approaches, one Maori, the other Pakeha.If this is seen as controversial we make no apology. It mirrors the complex, convoluted history of race relations in this country. Curatorially, we offer it as a koha towards a more thoughtful engagement with paintings held in the Fletcher and Sarjeant Gallery collections.

Each work is arranged in a thematic framework, not in an effort to fit it into a rigid category but to suggest pathways for consideration and to provide sometimes unexpected links between paintings which might not otherwise be thought of as connected. Since it first opened at the Sarjeant Gallery, Whanganui in 2006 Te Huringa has received important and memorable powhiri from tangata whenua. We have been honoured by these events. They encourage and inspire us to continue with the exhibition and the publication of this book. Nga mihi mahana mo enei tautoko.

— Jo Diamond (JD) and Peter Shaw (PS), Co-curators

Anei Te Whakaaro

Te Huringa — he taonga hoki. Ahakoa kei te tika, kei te he ranei, i puta mai i nga whakaahua o nga wa o nehe he tirohanga Pakeha ki nga tpuna Maori. Ki te Maori o tenei wa, na te kitenga o nga iwi i nga mahi peita, ka kitea te kawai o o ratou tpuna. A, na te ohorere, na te aronganui hoki e pa ana ki te aroha, ki te mamae, ki te koa, ki te pouri, ki te maumahara, ka heke mai nga roimata me te hupe i nga whakatuwheratanga o tenei whakaaturanga i ia rohe tae atu ki tenei wa.

Te Huringa – ko te mauri, ko te mamaetanga, ko te harikoa. Koinei etahi o nga kare a-roto ka puta mai i nga tohunga Maori kua ruia, kua tuia hei kitenga ma te katoa i te rereketanga o o ratou whakaaro, hiahia, awangawanga ki nga tangata pukenga Pakeha o mua. He tika, e kore te ao e tu tonu. Kei te hurihuri. Me pehea hoki hei apopo?

Me mihi ki a Ta James Fletcher, nana te moemoea mo enei whakaahua. I mate ra ia i tera tau. No reira, haere atu koe, koutou katoa hoki. He tangi atu ki a koutou.

Koutou e te hunga ora – haramai koutou ki te titiro, ki te whakaaro, ki te korero me pehea te whakaaturanga nei. He rereke ki nga tirohanga o nga tohunga pukenga o aua wa ki tenei wa. He rereke te whakaaro o te Pakeha ki to te Maori o aua wa, ki nga mahi hoki o naianei a te Maori ki te Pakeha. He tika, he rereke te huarahi – ko Te Huringa.

Tena koutou, tena koutou, tena koutou katoa.

Naku na,
Pere Maitai
Kaitautoko Maori

Section 01


Mana of the People


Te Rangihaeata
Watercolour 662 x 443mm c.1850
Collection of Sarjeant Gallery/
Te Whare O Rehua/Whanganui

GOLDIE, Charles F.

Wiripine Ninia – a Ngatiawa Chieftainess
Oil on canvas 225 x 204mm 1911
Collection of Sarjeant Gallery/
Te Whare O Rehua/Whanganui


The Korero
Oil on canvas 225 x 204mm 1911
Collection of Sarjeant Gallery/
Te Whare O Rehua/Whanganui

Section 02


Mana Whenua/
Mana of the Land

EARLE, Augustus

Village of Parkuni, River Hokianga
Hand-coloured lithograph 228 x 398mm 1838


Rotokakahi from Kaitereria
Oil on canvas 442 x 667mm 1881 Collection of Sarjeant Gallery/ Te Whare O Rehua/Whanganui

BAKER, William George

Rotokakahi from Kaitereria
Oil on canvas 442 x 667mm 1881 Collection of Sarjeant Gallery/ Te Whare O Rehua/Whanganui

DUNNING, William

Whanganui River 1880, Awhitinui Pa
1994, 884 x 883mm, Pencil and ink wash, Collection of Sarjeant Gallery/Te Whare O Rehua/Whanganui

Section 03


Taonga/All that is Valued

TARDIEU, Ambroise
(1788–1841, engraver)

Drawn by DUPERREY, Louis Isidore (1786–1865) and CHAZAL, Antoine (1793–1854), Plate 41 from the atlas: Voyage around the World. 1. Native house 2. Tomb 3. Plan of this house 4. Idols, 1826
555 x 340mm, Hand-coloured engraving

TARDIEU, Ambroise
(1788–1841, engraver)

Drawn by CHAZAL, Antoine (1793–1854)
Plate 40 from the atlas: Voyage around the World. Weopons, Implements and Utensils, 1826
555 x 340mm, Hand-coloured engraving


Putiki Pa, Whanganui 1847, Watercolour, 560 x 670mm, Collection of Sarjeant Gallery/Te Whare O Rehua/Whanganui


Interior of a Native Village or “Pa” in New Zealand, Whanganui 1847, 780 x 887mm Hand-coloured lithograph, E. walker, lithr. day & sons, lithrs to the queen

STEELE, Louis James
Haki Ahi, Maori Firestick, 1918, 227 x 334mm, Oil on canvas, Collection of Sarjeant Gallery/ Te Whare O Rehua/Whanganui

BAXTER, George
The Rev. J. Waterhouse Superintending the Landing
of the Missionaries at Taranaki,
1841, 295 x 340mm, Oil print

MERRETT, Joseph Jenner
The New Zealand Festival, 1845, 448 x 1030mm, Lithograph in tints, hand finished

Te Whanau a Apanui, 1965, 1003 x 400mm, Bas relief carving, hand finished, Collection of Sarjeant Gallery/ Te Whare O Rehua/Whanganui

NIN, Buck
Banner Protest, 1977, 1335 x 1221mm, Acrylic on board

Tane and Tama Uprooted, 1985, 1200 x 995mm, Acrylic on canvas, Collection of Sarjeant Gallery/ Te Whare O Rehua/Whanganui

ISIAHA, Barlow
Tane and Tama Uprooted, 2002, 600 x 550 x 220mm, Tempera on mdf board, Collection of Sarjeant Gallery/ Te Whare O Rehua/Whanganui

List of venues

Sarjeant Gallery, Wanganui,
8 April –16 July 2006

Puke Ariki, New Plymouth,
16 September – 5 November 2006

Hastings Exhibition Centre,
8 December –11 February 2007

Tairawhiti Museum, Gisborne,
1 June – 8 July 2007

Wellington City Gallery,
11 August – 4 November 2007

Rotorua Art Gallery,
14 December 2007– 9 March 2008

Tauranga Art Gallery,
11 April – 8 June 2008

Suter Gallery, Nelson,
26 September – 2 November 2008

Christchurch Art Gallery,
18 December 2008 –15 February 2009

Dunedin Public Art Gallery,
28 February –19 July 2009

Whangarei Art Gallery,
February – May 2010

The Fletcher Trust Collection is one of the largest curated private collections of Aotearoa New Zealand art. The Trust makes works available to the public online as well as via exhibitions initiated by public art institutions and by the Trust itself.

The Fletcher Trust
Private Bag 92114
Auckland 1142
New Zealand


All Rights Reserved