Hand-coloured engraving on paper
340 x 555mm
Original title: ‘Chefs de la Nouvelle-Zélande: 1. Touï, 2. Autre chef’. Engraved by Ambroise Tardieu. Plate No. 47 from Louis Isidore Duperrey, Voyage autour du monde, exécuté par ordre du roi, sur la corvette de Sa Majesté, la Coquille, pendant les années 1822, 1823, 1824, et 1825 (Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 1826).
The following text comes from the catalogue for the exhibition Tirohanga Whānui.
Chazal has combined two distinct images chosen from Lejeune’s original drawings. The subjects are Touai, chief of Kahuwera, and another unnamed chief. Lesson’s account described Touai in detail:
“Before long a native in European dress came on board. He spoke English having spent some time in England where he and the chief Terri (Titere) had been taken by the brig Kangaroo, and he introduced himself to us.
Touai, brother of the famous Korokoro, whom he had succeeded as chief of Kaouera i-pah (Kahouwera) was the bearer of numerous English and American certificates which testified to the service he had rendered to various navigators, and from that moment on he was everybody’s pet … He persuaded us to shift anchorage and to go closer to his fortified village or i-pah.
He was a man of medium build, about thirty years old, with an elegantly tattooed face; his manners were common and very stiff in the European dress he wore when with us.”
In 1818–19, through the auspices of the missionary Thomas Kendall, the young chiefs Touai and Titere, preceding Hongi and Waikato by two years, had travelled to visit the linguist Professor Samuel Lee at Cambridge University where they assisted him in the preparation of his work on Māori vocabulary and grammar.
D’Urville, writing his own account published in 1831 of the 1826–29 voyage of L’Astrolabe, had this to say of Touai:
“Although [he] had taken much greater pains than Shongui (Hongi) to imitate the manners and the general appearance of Europeans, at bottom he had not benefited any more from his trip to England, so far as principles were concerned. He was just as addicted as any of his compatriots to the tastes, customs and superstitions of his land.
Only being more skilful, more ingratiating and more determined to pay court to Europeans, Touai took the greatest care to disguise his conduct and feelings under the outward signs of civilization, and this savage had all the sagacity characteristic of a professional courtier. Thus throughout our stay in Paroa Bay we had nothing but praise for his behaviour and even for his acts of kindness. Always guided by his one motive, he hoped to obtain from us a lot of powder and muskets.”
Tirohanga Whānui: Views from the Past, Te Kōngahu Museum of Waitangi, 15 April to 15 September 2017