WHITE, A. Lois;


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Oil on canvas on board
600 x 750mm (image); 780 x 930mm (frame)

For much of her life, A. Lois White was critically undervalued, both because her style was not thought particularly avant-garde (she was no lover of abstraction), and because her preferred subject-matter was not comfortingly local. However, following her rediscovery by Te Whanganui-a-Tara gallerist Peter McLeavey in the 1970s, and the staging of a major touring exhibition in the 1990s, her paintings have come to be recognised for their idiosyncratic poetry. ‘Idiosyncratic’ is really the word for White’s work, which looks and feels like that of no other artist from Aotearoa (though there are resonances with figures such as May Smith, Margaret Thompson, James Turkington, and George Woods). None of her contemporaries embraced the rhythmic compositions associated with Art Deco as passionately or thoroughly as she did. None was as dedicated to experimenting with the type of the ‘history painting’.

Sleeping is a fine example of the allegorical or symbolic works for which White is best known. The composition is beautifully calibrated to the subject-matter of sleep and (by implication) dreams. The foreground undulations, the flanking trees of a similar hue, and the voluptuous mountains in the far distance form a womb-like pictorial frame, emphasising a sense of security and calm. Human and animal subjects are elegantly integrated with one another and their surroundings. The cool moonlight is exquisitely evoked, its delicate play across the faces of the sleeping figures especially well realised. There is a marked sensuality to the image, even bordering on eroticism (consider, for instance, the up-thrusting limbs of the tree at left and the yearning branches of that at right). Yet this is not in any sense an explicit painting. It is subtly coded, welcoming complex and multiple responses.

The date of Sleeping is not known, but it is likely relatively late, since it is painted on canvas board, lacks the stippling typical of earlier works, and features figures with more robust physical features. A noticeably similar work, Sleep, is dated 1958.[1] Given the greater confidence of Sleeping, it is possible that it was painted following the artist’s first and only trip to Europe in 1961.


[1] Nicola Green, By the Waters of Babylon: The Art of A. Lois White (Tāmaki Makaurau: Auckland City Art Gallery/David Bateman, 1993), 109.

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A. LOIS WHITE. [l.l.]

Exhibition History

Gathered Voices: Highlights from the Fletcher Trust Collection, New Zealand Portrait Gallery Te Pūkenga Whakaata, Te Whanganui-a-Tara, 15 September to 11 December 2022 (toured)


Fletcher Trust Collection, purchased from The Paul & Kerry Barber Collection with Important & Rare Art, International Art Centre, Tāmaki Makaurau, 23 October 2019, lot 21

Collection of Kerry and Paul Barber, Te Whanganui-a-Tara, purchased from International Art Centre, Tāmaki Makaurau, 28 July 2000, lot 67